Uniform Terms and Conditions of the German Textile Industry
Version: Jan. 1, 2002
These Uniform Terms and Conditions Apply Only Between Merchants
§ 1 Place of Performance, Delivery and Receipt
1. Place of performance for all aspects of the delivery contract is the place of the trading establishment of the Seller.
2. The delivery of the goods occurs ex works (Germany). The Buyer bears the costs of shipment. The Buyer can choose the freight forwarder. The goods are to be sent without
insurance. A delivery notice can be agreed upon.
3. In the case of delivery from external warehouse an additional fee for storage can be
4. The Buyer bears costs of packaging for special packing.
5. Sorted partial shipments and partial shipments containing combinations for sales
convenience must occur within close time periods and are to be notified in advance.
Unsorted shipments are permissible only with consent of the Buyer.
6. If due to the fault of the Buyer, receipt does not occur on time, the Seller has the
option, after setting a cure period of 12 days, either to issue an invoice for the amount
due, to rescind the contract or to demand damage compensation.
§ 2 Choice of Forum
The choice of forum ( also for claims regarding bills of exchange and checks) is, at the
option of the plaintiff the place of trading business of one of the parties or the place of
business of the trade or cartel organization to which the Supplier belongs. The court first
resorted to has jurisdiction.
§ 3 Content of the Contract
1. The delivery of the goods will occur on named dates (business days or a particular
calendar week). All sales are concluded only for particular quantities, articles, quality and
set prices. Both parties are bound hereby. Commission transactions are not performed.
2. Continuing orders are permissible and must be limited for a period of time at the time of
conclusion of the contract. The period of receipt may encompass 12 months at the most.
§ 4 Interruption of Delivery
1. In the case of force majeure, work disputes and other interruptions of business that are
not due to fault, which last longer than a week or apparently will last longer than a week’s
duration, the period of delivery and the period of receipt are extended without more for the
period of delay, at the longest however for 5 weeks in addition to an extended period of
delivery. The extension occurs only when the other party is given prompt notice of the
reason for the delay as soon as it is foreseeable that the named period cannot be adhered
2. If the delivery or acceptance does not occur on a timely basis, the other contract party
can rescind the contract. It must nevertheless provide written notice at least two weeks
prior to exercising the right of rescission.
3. If the other contract party upon request is not informed promptly that a delivery or
receipt did not occur on a timely basis and if the delay lasted longer than 5 weeks, the
other contract party can rescind the contract immediately.
4. Damage compensation claims are excluded if the contract party has not fulfilled its duty
under § 4(1)-(3).
§ 5 Extended Period of Delivery
1. After end of the period for delivery an extended period of delivery in the amount of 12
days occurs automatically without the need for a declaration. After expiration of the
extended period of delivery, rescission is deemed to have occurred under exclusion of
damage compensation claims.
Rescission under § 5(1), sentence 2 does not occur if the Buyer declares to the Seller
during the extended period of delivery that it seeks performance of the contract. The
Seller is nevertheless released from the delivery obligation if the Buyer, upon inquiry of
the Seller, does not make a statement within the extended period of delivery as to whether
it insists on performance of contract.
2. Transactions for fixed delivery dates are not entered into. If the parties expressly agree
in a particular instance that the goods are intended for a particular occasion, a firm
delivery date without extension period can be agreed upon. In case the delivery period is
exceeded, the Buyer can demand reimbursement of special expenditures for the ordered
goods, at the most nevertheless in the amount of the purchase price of the ordererd
goods. Further claims are excluded. The Buyer can seek only reduction of price or
rescission of contract in case of defects in the goods intended for a particular occasion.
3. If the Buyer wishes to claim damage compensation instead of performance, it must
inform the Seller that it has a period of 4 weeks to complete performance and that
otherwise upon expiration of this period it will reject performance. The period is calculated
from the day on which the notice of the Buyer is sent by registered mail. This provision
applies in the case of § 5(1), sentence 2, in place of the right of rescission stated there,
only when this period of notice of the Buyer reaches the Seller within the extended period
4. For ready-to-mail goods and NOS-goods – „Never-out-of-Stock“ – the extended period
of delivery amounts to 5 workdays. In the case of non-delivery, the Buyer is to be informed
without delay. In other respects the provisions of § 5(1) and (3) apply.
5. Claims of the Buyer on account of late delivery made before expiration of the extended
period of delivery are excluded.
§ 6 Notice of Defects
1. Notice of defects is to be sent to the Seller at the latest within 12 days after receipt of
2. After cutting or other processing of the delivered goods, any claim of apparent defect is
3. Minor, technically unavoidable deviations from quality, color, width, weight, outfittings or
of design may not be claimed as defects. This applies also to deviations customary in the
trade unless the Seller has assured delivery according to sample in writing.
4. In case of justified notice of defects the Seller has the right of repair or delivery of a
replacement good free of defects within 12 days after receipt of the returned item. In this
case the Seller bears the freight costs. If repair is not successful, the Buyer only has the
right of reduction of the purchase price or rescission of the contract.
5. After expiration of the period provided in § 6(4) the Buyer can only obtain reduction of
the purchase price or rescission of the contract.
6. The Buyer has to inform the Seller without delay of hidden defects after their discovery.
The Buyer can on account of a timely notice of defect only obtain reduction of the
purchase price or rescission of the contract.
§ 7 Payment
1. The invoice will be issued on the day of delivery or the day of availability of the goods.
Postponement of maturity (valuation time) is in principle excluded.
2. Invoices are payable:
1. with 4% rush discount within the 10th day after issuance of the invoice and
shipment of the goods;
2. with 2.25% discount from the 11th to the 30th day after issuance of invoice and
shipment of the goods;
3. net from the 31st to the 60th day after issuance of invoice and shipment of goods
From the 61st day delay occurs under § 286(2) Subpart 1 German Civil Code.
3. If in place of cash, check or transfer of funds a bill of exchange is accepted by the
Seller, in cashing the bill of exchange after the net payment date of 61 days from issuance
of invoice and shipment of goods, a premium of 1% of the bill of exchange sum will be
4. In place of the abovementioned provision can the following govern insofar as the Buyer
is bound for at least 12 months:
|Invoices from||To be paid with 4% discount on||To be paid with 2.25% discount on||To be paid net on|
|1st – 10th of the month||15th of the same month||5th of the next month||5th of the month following the next|
|11th – 20th of the month||25th of the same month||15th of the next month||15th of the month following the next|
|21st – end of the month||5th of the next month||25th of the next month||25th of the month following the next|
For this procedure § 7(1)-(3) applies.
5. Notice of changes in this procedure are to be provided 3 months in advance.
6. Interest on prepayments will not be provided in any case.
7. Payments will be applied always to offset the oldest due accounts in addition to
application to the delays interest due on such sums.
8. The postal receipt stamp determines the date of receipt of payment. In the case of bank
transfer, the day preceding the credit of the bank of the Seller is deemed to the receipt of
§ 8 Payment After Due Date
1. For payments after due date, interest at the rate of 8% above the then applicable basis
rate will be calculated.
2. Before complete payment of due invoiced amounts including interest, the Seller is not
obligated to make any further delivery from any current contract. The claim of delay
damages is reserved.
3. In the case of delay in payment of the Buyer or in the case of threatened insolvency or
other essential deterioration of assets of the Buyer, the Seller can demand, after providing
a notice period of 12 days, payment in cash before delivery for still outstanding deliveries
from any current contract or rescind the contract or demand damage compensation.
§ 9 Payment Methods
1. The offsetting and withholding of due invoiced amounts is only permissible for
undisputed claims or those reduced to final judgment. This applies also in the case of
cessation of payments by the Seller. Other deductions (for ex. Postage) are
2. Bills of exchange, insofar as they are taken in payment, are accepted only against
reimbursement of fees. Bills of exchange and accepted bills of exchange with a term of
more than three months will not be accepted.
§ 10 Retention of Title
1. The goods remain the property of the Seller until the complete payment of all claims
from delivery of goods from the entire business relationship, including side claims,
damage compensation claims and cashing of checks and bills of exchange. The retention
of title also remains where particular claims of the Seller have been incorporated in an
outstanding invoice and the balance is reflected and acknowledged.
2. If the goods subject to retention of title have been connected to a new movable item,
mixed or processed by the Buyer, this applies for the Seller without any obligation on it.
Through the connection, mixing or processing the Buyer does not acquire ownership of
the new thing under §§ 947 and following sections, German Civil Code. The Seller
acquires co-ownership in the new thing in the case of connection, mixing or processing
with things not belonging to the Seller in proportion to the outstanding invoiced value of
the goods under retained title to the entire value.
3. Insofar as in the business relationship between the Seller and the Buyer a centralized
authority is invoked that takes over del credere liability, the Seller transfers with shipment
of the goods the ownership to the centralized authority subject to the condition of payment
of the purchase price by the central authority. The Buyer is relieved of payment liability
only with payment by the central authority.
4. The Buyer is entitled to further sale or processing only with consideration of the
5. The Buyer may sell or process the goods subject to retention of title only in the course
of ordinary business and insofar as its asset standing does not significantly deteriorate.
6a. The Buyer assigns hereby the claim, with all related rights, from resale of the goods
subject to retention of title – including any accounts receivable – to the Seller.
6b. If the goods are connected, mixed or processed and the Seller has obtained coownership
in the amount of the outstanding invoiced value, it is entitled to any purchase
claim for the goods in proportion to its rights.
6c. If the Buyer sells the claim within the scope of genuine factoring, the Buyer assigns
the claim it has against the factor to the Seller and will send to the Seller its sales
proceeds in proportion to the value of the rights of the Seller to the goods. The Buyer is
obligated to disclose the assignment to the factor when payment on an invoice is more
than 10 days overdue or when its assets‘ situation deteriorates significantly.
The Seller accepts this assignment.
7. The Buyer is entitled to collect the assigned claims insofar as it is in compliance with its
payment obligations. The collection authorization ends with payment delay of the Buyer or
in the case of significant deterioration of the assets of the Buyer. In such case the Seller is
hereby authorized by the Buyer to informer customers of the assignment and to collect the
The Buyer has to provide information that is necessary for collecting the assigned claims
and for review of such information. In particular it has to hand over to the Seller on request
an exact listing of the claims it has with the names and addresses of the customers, the
amount of the particular claims, the date of invoice, and so forth..
8. If the value of the security held by the Seller for the entire claims by more than 10%, the
Seller is obligated on request of the Buyer to release the security to such extent per its
9. Using the goods subject to retention of title for a lien or as security is impermissible.
The Seller is to be informed immediately of any lien seizures, with provision of information
concerning the lien creditor.
10. If the Seller takes the delivered good back in exercise of its right of retention, contract
rescission only exists where the Seller expressly declares it. The Seller can satisfy its
claims by private sale.
11. The Buyer keeps the goods under retention of title for the Seller without cost. It has to
insure them within the usual scope against common dangers such as for ex. fire, theft and
water. The Buyer assigns hereby to the Seller its compensation rights, which it has as a
result of damages of the aforementioned type, against insurance companies or other
obligated parties in the amount of the invoiced value of the goods. The Seller accepts this
12. All claims as well as rights from retention of title in all the special forms set out in these
Termsn and Conditions remain until complete satisfaction of any possible obligations
(check/bill of exchange) that the Seller has incurred in the interest of the Buyer. The Buyer
is in principle permitted in the case of sentence 1 to pursue factoring for its accounts
receivable. Before entering any such conditional obligations it must nonetheless inform
§ 11 Applicable Law
The law of the Federal Republic of Germany applies. The Treaty of the United Nations on
Contracts for the International Sale of Goods from April 11, 1980 is excluded.